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:: دوره 8، شماره 1 - ( 6-1398 ) ::
جلد 8 شماره 1 صفحات 102-93 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مروری بر اثر گرد و غبار بر عملکرد پنل‎های فتوولتاییک
اصلان غلامی1 ، شهاب اسلامی1 ، آرین تاجیک1 ، محمد عامری1 ، رقیه گوگساز قوچانی51 ، مجید زندی* 1
1- دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک و انرژی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
چکیده:   (4647 مشاهده)
در سالهای اخیر استفاده از انرژیهای پاک و تجدیدپذیر، به خصوص انرژی خورشیدی، به علت مزایای آنها نسبت به سوختهای فسیلی افزایش چشمگیری داشته است. استفاده از سامانههای فتوولتاییک یکی از رایجترین روشهای برداشت انرژی خورشیدی به منظور تولید برق است. عملکرد این سامانهها در تبدیل انرژی خورشیدی به برق، به شدت تابعی از شرایط محیطی همچون میزان تابش خورشیدی، دمای محیط، باد، رطوبت و سایر پارامترهای محیطی بوده لذا بررسی تغییر این پارامترها در طراحی و بررسی عملکرد سامانههای فتوولتاییک بسیار با اهمیت است. بسیاری از مناطقی که دارای پتانسیل تابشی بالایی جهت نصب پنلهای فتوولتاییک میباشند، مناطقی با آب و هوای خشک هستند و پدیده گرد و غبار در این مناطق به شدت بر عملکرد پنلهای فتوولتاییک تاثیر میگذارد. این معضل در اقلیم ایران، که به طور مکرر با طوفانهای گرد و غبار و انتشار ریزگردها مواجه بوده، بسیار جدیتر است. اولین گام در حل این مشکل، آشنایی با نحوه نشست گرد و غبار بر سطح پنلهای فتوولتاییک و پارامترهای موثر بر این فرایند است. از اینرو مقاله حاضر به مرور جامع پژوهشهای صورت گرفته در حوزه تاثیر گرد و غبار بر عملکرد و کارایی پنلهای خورشیدی میپردازد. نتایج این پژوهش میتواند به عنوان مرجع کاملی برای استفاده پژوهشگران، طراحان و مهندسانی که با سامانههای فتوولتاییک در مناطقی مانند خاورمیانه و به ویژه ایران، که با مشکل گرد و غبار دست و پنجه نرم میکنند، قرار گیرد.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: گرد و غبار، پنل فتوولتاییک، باد، دما، رطوبت.
متن کامل [PDF 1062 kb]   (1560 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: مکانیک
دریافت: 1397/10/6 | پذیرش: 1397/12/13 | انتشار: 1398/6/10
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Gholami A, Eslami S, Tajik A, Ameri M, Gavagsaz Ghoachani R, Zandi M. A review of the effect of dust on the performance of photovoltaic panels . ieijqp 2019; 8 (1) :93-102
URL: http://ieijqp.ir/article-1-587-fa.html

غلامی اصلان، اسلامی شهاب، تاجیک آرین، عامری محمد، گوگساز قوچانی5 رقیه، زندی مجید. مروری بر اثر گرد و غبار بر عملکرد پنل‎های فتوولتاییک. نشریه کیفیت و بهره وری صنعت برق ایران. 1398; 8 (1) :93-102

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